Monthly Archives: August 2013

Eye changes in diseases of the thyroid

Eunice Lee and Kumaressan Ragunathan, Monash Abnormal thyroid function (particularly hyperthyroidism) is frequently associated with eye signs. This post discusses what one should look for in the eyes in a patient with hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. HYPERTHYROIDISM Lid retraction Normally, the

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Troisier’s sign and Virchow’s node

Suneet Sood Virchow’s node is a left supraclavicular lymph node. Since there are several nodes in the left supraclavicular region, the enlargement of any one or more of these could be thought of as enlargement of Virchow’s node. The node

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Diarrhea: how to clerk and examine a patient with diarrhea

Liang Yuan Jong, Monash Diarrhea is the passage of stool with the following characteristics: 1. Increased stool frequency (more than 3 times a day) and/or 2. Increased liquidity of the stool [BMJ Best Practice, 2013a; WHO, 2013] This page provides

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Vomiting: how to clerk and examine a patient with vomiting

Hema Darshinee Johnson, Monash Vomiting is one of the most common presentations in clinical practice. Vomiting should be differentiated from regurgitation. Vomiting is the forceful expulsion of gastric content due to involuntary abdominal muscle action; regurgitation is the bringing out

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Jaundice: how to clerk and examine a patient with jaundice

Manjulah Luckhmana and K Dhilashinii, Monash Definition Jaundice, also known as icterus, is a term used to describe a yellowish tinge to the skin and eyes that is typically caused by hyperbilirubinemia. Most sources say that the terms icterus and

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