Index

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abscess and carbuncle Dewei Lee

Accessory muscles, use of

Accessory nerve

Acrocyanosis

Abdominal asymmetry Amy Lim Poh Ping

Abdominal distension and contour Suneet Sood

Abdominal examination Suneet Sood

Abdominal mass

Abdominal pain

Abdominal veins, dilated Gerald Tan

Adelaide coma scale

Adiadochokinesia

Adson’s test

AGES scoring for thyroid cancer

Agitation

Allen’s test

Alopecia

Amastia

Amenorrhea

AMES scoring for thyroid cancer

Ammonia odor: see Uremic fetor

Amnesia

Analgesia

Anhidrosis

Ankle brachial index

Ankyloglossia

Ankylosis

Anorexia

Anosmia

Anuria

Anxiety

Aphasia

Apley’s distraction test

Apley’s grinding test

Apnea

Apneustic respiration

Apraxia

Arterial disease, peripheral

Approach to a patient during general physical examination FC Fong

Ascites, grading of

Asterixis

Abdominal asymmetry Amy Lim Poh Ping

Ataxia

Athetosis

Atrophy, muscle

Aura

Austin Flint murmur

Axillary nerve

Axillary lymph nodes

Axillary tail of Spence

B

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Babinski sign

Back pain: see pain, back

Bancroft’s sign

Barrel chest

Battle’s sign

Beck’s triad

Berry’s sign Eishatur Rodhiah Mamat and Edward Tan Hong

Biot’s respirations

Bladder, distension of: see Distension, bladder

Bleeding from the vagina

Bleeding, vaginal

Blood in the stools Ng Jay Shen, Gerald Tan Chen Jie, Kang Hui Wen

Bowel sounds

Bradycardia: see Heart rate

Bradypnea: see Respiratory rate

Branham’s sign

Breast: how to present the history and examination Soo Ann

Breast dimpling

Breast discharge

Breast examination

Breast pain: see Mastalgia

Breath, ammonia odor: see Uremic fetor

Breath, fruity odor: see Fruity odor in breath

Breech presentation, in pregnancy

Brodie-Trendelenburg test

Brudzinski’s sign

Bruit

Bubonocele

Buerger’s postural test: see Limb elevation test for peripheral artery disease

Buffalo hump

C

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Cafe-au-lait spots

Capillary refill

Caput medusae

Capillary refill

Carbuncle: see abscess

Cardarelli’s sign

Carey Coomb’s murmur

Carpal tunnel syndrome Suneet Sood

Carpopedal spasm

Castell’s spot, Traube’s space and: see Traube’s space

Cat’s cry

Champange bottle sign in varicose veins

Chest pain: see Pain, chest

Cheyne-stokes respirations

Chills and rigors

Chorea

Chronic abdominal pain, examination of

Chvostek’s sign

Claudication Ling Jin Hin, Chung, Yuan Ming

Clubbing Putri Yasmin Ayesya Binti Sonari

Cogwheel rigidity

Consciousness, alterations in

Constipation Xinlin Chin

Contour, abdominal Suneet Sood

Corneal reflex

Corrigan pulsse: see waterhammer pulse

Costovertebral tenderness

Cough

Crackles: see Crepitations

Crepitations

Crepitations, subcutaneous

Cry, cerebral

Cyanosis

D

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

De Musset’s sign

Decerebrate posture: see Posture, decerebrate

Decorticate posture: see Posture, decorticate

Deep inguinal ring: surface anatomy and ring occlusion test

Deep ring occlusion test: see Deep inguinal ring

Deep tendon reflexes

Deep vein thrombosis: see Leg swelling

Diaphoresis

Diarrhea: how to clerk and examine a patient with diarrhea Liang Yuan Jong

Dilated abdominal veins Gerald Tan

Diplopia

Direct hernia

Discharge, eye

Discharge, nippleSuneet Sood

Discharge, vaginal
Distension, abdominal Suneet Sood

Distension, bladder

Dizziness

Doll’s eye sign: see Reflex, oculocephalic

Drooling

Duroziez’s sign

Dysarthria

Dysmenorrhea

Dyspareunia

Dyspepsia

Dysphagia Julian Lau

Dyspnea

Dystonia

Dysuria

E

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ear pain

Edema, pedal: see Leg swelling

Elevated arm stress test (EAST)(see Peripheral arterial disease)

Emphysema, surgical

Enophthalmos

Enuresis

Epistaxis

Eructations

Erythema

Ewart’s sign

Examination of the abdomen: see Abdomen, examination of

Examination of an ulcer: see Ulcer, history taking and examination of

Exophthalmos Ami Sufiani, Sujaya Singh, Sushil Vasudevan

Eye changes in diseases of the thyroid Eunice Lee, Kumaressan Ragunathan

Eye discharge: see Discharge, eye

Eye pain: see Ophthalmalgia

F

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Fegan’s test for varicose veins

Femoral hernia: see Hernia, femoral

Fetal heart, location in pregnancy

Friedreich’s sign

Fruity odor in breath

Fundal height, in pregnancy

Funicular hernia: see Hernia, inguinal, classification of

G

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Galactorrhea: see Nipple discharge

Gallavardin phenomenon

Gangrene

General physical examination, approach to a patient during FC Fong

Grade of murmur: see Murmur, grade of

Graham Steell mumur

Guarding and rigidity

H

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Halstead test for peripheral artery disease: see Hyperabduction maneuver in peripheral artery disease

Harvey’s venous refilling test: see Venous refill test in peripheral arterial disease

Heart, fetal, in pregnancy

Heart rate

Hematemesis Melody, Harkamal, Joshua, Zi Ning

Hematochezia Ng Jay Shen, Gerald Tan Chen Jie, Kang Hui Wen

Hemianopsia

Hemoptysis

Hepatomegaly: see Liver, enlargement of

Hernia, direct: see Hernia, inguinal

Hernia, femoral

Hernia, indirect: see Hernia, inguinal

Hernia, incisional: see Hernia, ventral

Hernia, inguinal

Hernia, inguinal, classification of Ken Wan Lee

Hernia, inguinal, differentiating from hydrocele Ken Wan Lee

Hernia, inguinal, examination of

Hernia, inguinal: how to take a history and present it Ken Wan Lee

Hernia, ventral, examination of

Hernia-en-glissade

Hernia-en-W

Hiccups

Hirsuitism

History: how to take a history and present it Suneet Sood

Hoarseness

Homan’s sign

Hydrocele, differentiating from hernia: See Hernia, inguinal, differentiating from hydrocele

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperthyroidism, eye changes in Eunice Lee, Kumaressan Ragunathan

Hyperthryoidism, features of

Hyperthyroidism, Wayne’s Index for, see Wayne’s Index

Hyperabduction maneuver in peripheral artery disease

Hyperpnea

Hypertension

Hypopigmentation

Hypotension

Hypothyroidism Ong Jo Ern

Hypothyroidism, eye changes in Eunice Lee, Kumaressan Ragunathan

I

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ian Aird test for varicose veins

Impotence

Incontinence, urinary, how to take a history Ngu Jessie

Index, Wayne’s see Wayne’s Index

Indirect hernia: see Hernia, indirect

Insomnia

Intermittent claudication: see Claudication

Invagination test for hernia

Irreducible hernia

J

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Janeway’s lesions

Jaundice, causes Manjulah Luckhmana

Jaundice: how to clerk and examine a patient with jaundice Manjulah Luckhmana, K Dhilashinii

Jaw pain

Jugular venous pressure and pulse (JVP) Raihan Abdullah
JVP: see Jugular venous pressure and pulse

K

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Kehr’s sign: see Sign, Kehr’s

Kernig’s sign: see Sign, Kernig’s

Kocher’s sign (Ramsay’s sign) in Graves’ disease

Kocher’s test for stridor during examination of the thyroid Tan Yan Wei

Kussmaul’s respirations

Kussmaul’s sign

L

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Lahey’s method of examination of the thyroid Andy Lau

Leg swelling Goh Su Yi

Leopold’s maneuver, in pregnancy

Leukorrhea, vaginal

Levine’s sign

Lie, abnormalities of, in pregnancy

Limb elevation test for peripheral artery disease

Liver, enlargement of Priya Menon

Liver: how to examine Priya Menon

Lid lag

Light flashes: see Photopsia

Lisker’s sign

Littre’s hernia

Louvel’s sign

Lowenberg’s sign

Lymph nodes, axillary

M

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Mallet-Guy’s sign

Mahorner and Ochsner’s test for varicose veins

Mass, examination of Suneet Sood

Mask-like facies

Mass, abdominal

Mastalgia

Maydl’s hernia

Mayne’s sign

McBurney’s sign

McConnell’s sign

McMurray’s sign

Melena Mano Dayalan

Menorrhagia

Metrorrhagia

Miosis

Moon face

Murmur, grade of Muhammad Nasir Annadurai

Morrissey’s test for varicose veins

Muller’s sign

Muscle atrophy

Muscle flaccidity

Muscle spasticity

Muscle weakness

Mydriasis

Myoclonus

N

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Nicoladoni’s sign

Nerve, abducens

Nerve, accessory

Nerve, auditory

Nerve, axillary

Nerve, facial

Nerve, glossopharyngeal

Nerve, hypoglossal

Nerve, oculomotor

Nerve, olfactory

Nerve, optic

Nerve, trigeminal

Nerve, trochlear

Nerve, vagus

Nerves, cranial

Nervous system, examination of

Nipple discharge

Nodes, axillary

O

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Oblique lie, in pregnancy

Oliguria

Oliver’s sign

Omentocele

Osler’s node

Osler’s sign

Otalgia

P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Pain, abdominal

Pain, back

Pain, chest

Pain, ear: see Otalgia

Pain, eye: see Ophthalmalgia

Palpitations Putri Yasmin Ayesya Binti Sonari

Paradoxical pulse: see Pulse, paradoxical

Peabody’s sign

Pedal edema: see Leg swelling

Pemberton’s sign

Peripheral artery disease Serric Suthesh

Peristalsis, visible

Perthes’ test for varicose veins

Physical examination, approach to a patient during FC Fong

Polymenorrhea

Pratt’s test for varicose veins

Prehn’s sign

Postural test: see Limb elevation test for peripheral artery disease

Posture, decerebrate

Posture, decorticate

Presenting a history: see History: how to take a history and present it

Puddle sign Muhamad Hazmi bin Juaidi

Pulse, paradoxical Aida Madiha bt Mohamed Azman

Q

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Quincke’s sign

R

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Rales: see Crepitations

Ramsay’s sign (Kocher’s sign) in Graves’ disease

Reducible hernia

Reflex, oculocephalic

Respiratory rate

Richter’s hernia

Rigidity: see Guarding

Rigors: see Chills and rigors

Ring occlusion test: see Deep inguinal ring

Roos test: see Shoulder abduction test in peripheral arterial disease

Rose’s sign

Roth’s spot

S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Scrotal hernia

Shoulder abduction test in peripheral arterial disease

Sign, Babinski’s
Sign, Battle’s
Sign, Brudzinski’s
Sign, Prehn’s
Sliding hernia

Spider naevi

Still’s murmur

Strangulated hernia
Strangury Suneet Sood

Striae distensae Jery Park

Swelling, leg: see Leg swelling

T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Tachycardia: see Heart rate

Tachypnea: see Respiratory rate

Thyroid, examination by Kocher’s method

Thyroid, examination by Lahey’s method

Thyroid, diseases of, eye changes in Eunice Lee, Kumaressan Ragunathan

Thyroid – hyperthyroidism, features of

Thyroid – hypothyroidism, features of

Thyroid swelling, history and examination Vinod Ramachandran

Thyrotoxicosis, Wayne’s Index for see Wayne’s Index

Transverse lie

Traube’s space and Castell’s spot Suneet Sood

Triad, Beck’s

Trendelenburg test for varicose veins. See Brodie-Trendelenburg test

Troisier’s Sign and Virchow’s node Suneet Sood

U

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Umbilicus Ng Wei Yao, Chong Yee Ting

Ulcer, history taking and examination of Suneet Sood

Uremic fetor

Urinary incontinence, how to take a history Ngu Jessie

V

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

VACTER anomalies

Vagina, abnormal discharges from

Vaginal bleeding

Van Nuy’s prognostic index for breast cancer

Varicose veins, examination of Suneet Sood

Varicose ulcer

Veins, abdominal, dilated >Gerald Tan

Venous disability scoring system

Venous refill time

Venous refill test in peripheral arterial disease

Ventral hernia

Virchow’s node, Troisier’s Sign and see Troisier’s sign

Virchow’s triad

Visible peristalsis

Vomiting: how to clerk and examine a patient with vomiting Hema Darshinee Johnson

W

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Waterbrash

Wayne’s Index for thyrotoxicosis by Shimin Chen

Werner abridged classification

Wet gangrene

Whipple’s triad

Whitaker test

Winging of scapula

Wrist drop

X

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Y

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Zieman’s technique (Zieman’s test)

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